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Assessing and monitoring impacts of genetically modified plants on agro-ecosystems: the approach of AMIGA project

S. Arpaia, A. Messéan, N.A. Birch, H. Hokannen, S. Härtel, J. van Loon, G. Lovei, J. Park, H. Spreafico, G.R. Squire, I. Steffan-Dewenter, C. Tebbe, H. van der Voet
  • S. Arpaia
    ENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Environment, Research Center, Trisaia di Rotondella, Italy | salvatore.arpaia@enea.it
  • A. Messéan
    INRA, Unité Eco-Innov, Thiverval-Grignon, France
  • N.A. Birch
    The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom
  • H. Hokannen
    Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland
  • S. Härtel
    Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, Biocenter, University of Würzburg, Germany
  • J. van Loon
    Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen, Netherlands
  • G. Lovei
    Department of Agroecology, Aarhus University, Slagelse, Denmark
  • J. Park
    Department of Agriculture, University of Reading, United Kingdom
  • H. Spreafico
    Minerva Consulting and Communication Sprl., Bruxelles, Belgium
  • G.R. Squire
    The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom
  • I. Steffan-Dewenter
    Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, Biocenter, University of Würzburg, Germany
  • C. Tebbe
    Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institute, Institute for Biodiversity, Braunschweig, Germany
  • H. van der Voet
    Biometris, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Netherlands

Abstract

The environmental impacts of genetically modified crops is still a controversial issue in Europe. The overall risk assessment framework has recently been reinforced by the European Food Safety Authority(EFSA) and its implementation requires harmonized and efficient methodologies. The EU-funded research project AMIGA − Assessing and monitoring Impacts of Genetically modified plants on Agro-ecosystems − aims to address this issue, by providing a framework that establishes protection goals and baselines for European agro-ecosystems, improves knowledge on the potential long term environmental effects of genetically modified (GM) plants, tests the efficacy of the EFSA Guidance Document for the Environmental Risk Assessment, explores new strategies for post market monitoring, and provides a systematic analysis of economic aspects of Genetically Modified crops cultivation in the EU. Research focuses on ecological studies in different EU regions, the sustainability of GM crops is estimated by analysing the functional components of the agro-ecosystems and specific experimental protocols are being developed for this scope.

Keywords

enetically modified crops, non-target organisms, environmental risk assessment, long-term effects, protection goals, post-market environmental monitoring

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Submitted: 2013-08-22 11:10:06
Published: 2014-06-27 15:24:26
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Copyright (c) 2014 S. Arpaia, A. Messéan, N.A. Birch, H. Hokannen, S. Härtel, J. van Loon, G. Lovei, J. Park, H. Spreafico, G.R. Squire, I. Steffan-Dewenter, C. Tebbe, H. van der Voet

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