Insects used for animal feed in West Africa

  • M. Kenis | m.kenis@cabi.org CABI, Delémont, Switzerland.
  • N. Koné nstitut d'Economie Rurale, Centre Régional de Recherche Agricole de Sotuba, Bamako, Mali.
  • C.A.A.M. Chrysostome University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin.
  • E. Devic Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, United Kingdom.
  • G.K.D. Koko Fish for Africa-Ghana, Accra, Ghana.
  • V.A. Clottey CABI, CSIR Campus, Accra, Ghana.
  • S. Nacambo CABI, Delémont, Switzerland.
  • G.A. Mensah Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Bénin, Benin.

Abstract

In West Africa, as in many parts of the world, livestock and fish farming suffer from the increasing cost of feed, especially protein ingredients, which are hardly available for village poultry farming and small-scale fish farming. Insects, which are a natural food source of poultry and fish and are rich in protein and other valuable nutrients, can be used to improve animal diets, a practice which is now strongly promoted by the FAO as a tool for poverty alleviation. This paper reviews practices and research on the use of insects as animal feed in West Africa and the perspectives to further develop the techniques, in particular for smallholder farmers and fish farmers. The most promising insects are flies, especially the house fly (Musca domestica) (Diptera Muscidae) and the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) (Diptera Stratiomyiidae), which can be mass reared on-farm for domestic use, in small production units at the community or industrial level. Flies have the advantage over most other insects of developing on freely available waste material and could even contribute to rural sanitation. Termites are traditionally used by smallholder farmers to feed village poultry. While their mass production is problematic, methods to enhance populations on-farm and facilitate collection can be developed. In any case, new methods will need to demonstrate their economic profitability, social acceptability and environmental sustainability

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Published
2014-10-21
Info
Issue
Section
Ecology
Keywords:
insects as feed, Musca domestica, Hermetia illucens, termites, poultry, aquaculture
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How to Cite
Kenis, M., Koné, N., Chrysostome, C., Devic, E., Koko, G., Clottey, V., Nacambo, S., & Mensah, G. (2014). Insects used for animal feed in West Africa. Entomologia, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/entomologia.2014.218