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Author Guidelines

Instructions to Authors

Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are strongly recommended to have their manuscript checked by a language editing service or by an English mother-tongue colleague prior to submission.

As an option, PAGEPress offers its own professional copyediting service.
Professional copyeditingcan help authors improve the presentation of their work and increase its chances of being taken on by a publisher. In case you feel that your manuscript needs a professional English language copyediting checking language grammar and style, you can find a reliable revision service at:

Manuscripts should be saved and submitted as a WORD file (.doc or .docx) containing the full text, references, tables and figures. In case of acceptance, high quality figures must be provided for publication.

Original Articles: should normally be divided into an abstract, introduction, design and methods, results, discussion and references. The abstract should contain a maximum of 400 words. A maximum of 20 authors is permitted, and additional authors should be listed in an ad hoc appendix.

Review Articles: no particular format is required for these articles. However, they should have an informative, unstructured abstract of about 250 words. Reviews may also include meta-analyses, guidelines and consensus papers by scientific societies or working groups. These studies must be conducted following proper, widely accepted ad hoc procedures.

Short Communications: are articles with a simple layout and containing limited data (no more than two figures or tables) and a small number of citations (not more than 25). They should be limited to 2000 words of text (figure captions, table headings and reference lists are additional to this limit).

Letters to the editor: should be from 250 to 1000 words in length. Authors of letters to the editor should provide a short title for their letter.


Manuscript Format

Each manuscript should be typewritten and double spaced throughout, and be divided into:

  • Title (max 15 words)
  • Full name and surname of author(s), with abbreviation of the names after the first
  • Affiliation(s) with full address
  • E-mail of the corresponding author
  • Key words (max 7)
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Brief description of the individual contribution of author(s)
  • Acknowledgments
  • Author’s contribution to the paper
  • References (max 50 for Articles and 80 for reviews)
  • Tables
  • Figure legends
  • Figures


Citation of authors in the text should appear in the form: (Polaszek, 1996). Authors should be cited in chronological order as: (Blackman et al., 1994; Roberts & Kumar, 1995).


Scientific names: genus and species names should be typed in italics. Common names of organisms should always be accompanied, when first cited, by their complete scientific name in italics (genus, species, attribution and, if appropriate, subspecific category).

Units of measurements should be those recommended by the International System of Units SI (



List papers by more than two authors, but with the same first author, by year sequence and alphabetically within each year, according to the following styles:

1. Article in serials or monographs:

ENGLISH L.L., SNETSINGER R., 1957 - The biology and control of Eotetranychus multidigituli (Ewing) a spider mite of honey locust. - J. Econ. Ent. 50 (6): 784-788.

2. Monographs and Proceedings:

EMDEN VAN F., HENNIG W., 1970 - Diptera. In: TUXEN S.L., Taxonomists's glossary of genitalia in Insects. II ed. - Munksgaard, Copenhagen: 130-141.

NEVILL, E.M., KAPPMEIER, K., VENTER, G.J., 1993 - Tsetse fly research in Zululand. p. 81. In: Proceedings of the ninth Entomological Congress organized by the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, Johannesburg, 28 June-1 July 1993 Pretoria, Entomological Society of South Africa.

3. Books:

WAINHOUSE D, 2005 - Ecological methods in forest pest management. - Oxford University Press, Oxford.


Tables and Figures

Figures should be necessary to clarify the text and illuminate the results. Figures should not repeat information in tables. Useful, but non-essential information can be made available in electronic appendices. All figures should be cited in the text and numbered consecutively. All figure legends should be combined onto a separate page that precedes the first figure and also copied below the figure.

Make your figure easy to read by using a sans serif (block) font type (e.g. Arial or Helvetica) for all figures. Do NOT use serif fonts like Times New Roman. Do not use bold font. Use a minimal variation of font size within an illustration e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label. Be consistent and use similar formatting for similar figures. Use error bars and explain what variance they represent: e.g. 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), standard errors (SE) or standard deviations (SD). Error bars with tops and bottoms (±) are preferred. If error bars are asymmetric, select shading levels for histograms that maintain visibility of error bars (solid bars often obscure error bars). Do not surround an entire figure or figure panel with a box or border.

Figure legends (captions) must be brief, but sufficiently detailed to explain the figure without reference to the text. We prefer that figure legends describe the data presented in the figure but do not include conclusions or interpretations of the data. Please include the species name(s) of the study organism(s) in the first legend where they are mentioned.

Report exact P-values whenever possible (i.e. P = 0.068 rather than P >0.05) but report no more than two digits, regardless of the number of “0”s (e.g. P = 0.001632 and P = 0.4471 should be displayed as P = 0.0016 and P = 0.45 respectively). We prefer the use of “P” rather than “p”.

Figures and graphs must be submitted as .tif or .jpg files, with the following digital resolution:

• Color (saved as CMYK): minimum 300 dpi

• Black and white/grays: minimum 600 dpi





Peer-review policy

Authors are invited to indicate 3 potential reviewers for each paper (please indicate names and e-mail address) and to select the journal section they feel most appropriate. All manuscript submitted to our journals are critically assessed by external experts in accordance with the principles of Peer Review.








All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship according to the CSE' criteria ( Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to (a) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data; and to (b) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and on (c) final approval of the version to be published. These three conditions must all be met. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Any part of an article critical to its main conclusions must be the responsibility of at least one author.



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or OpenOffice document file format.
  3. We fight plagiarism: please understand that your article will be checked with available tools for discovering plagiarism.
  4. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed at the end of the manuscript.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. Please indicate in Comments to the Editor (Step 1) at least 2-3 valuable reviewers for your paper: names, e-mail addresses and, if possible, complete affiliations/institutions are required.

Copyright Notice

PAGEPress has chosen to apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 License (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.

An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:

1. The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.
2. A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: 1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. 2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. 3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.


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